The Dental Implant Procedure – Step by Step

Dental implants have revolutionised the field of dentistry, providing a long-lasting and effective solution for replacing missing teeth. If you’re considering dental implants, it’s essential to understand the procedure, its benefits, and what to expect throughout the treatment process. In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through everything you need to know about the dental implant procedure, from initial consultation to aftercare.

Key Takeaways:

  • Dental implants are artificial tooth roots that provide a long-lasting and effective solution for replacing missing teeth.
  • They offer advantages such as improved aesthetics, enhanced functionality, durability, preservation of jawbone, and increased self-confidence.
  • There are two main types of dental implants: endosteal implants placed directly into the jawbone and subperiosteal implants that sit on top of the bone.
  • The dental implant procedure involves several stages, including initial consultation, implant placement, osseointegration, abutment placement, and dental crown placement.
  • Proper aftercare, including oral hygiene practices and regular check-ups, is essential for successful implant integration and longevity.
  • Potential risks and complications of dental implants include infection, implant failure, nerve damage, sinus problems, or allergic reactions.
  • Dental implants offer advantages over alternative tooth replacement options like dentures or bridges, including stability, durability, and preservation of adjacent teeth.
  • The cost of dental implants can vary depending on factors like the number of implants needed, additional procedures, and location.
  • With proper care, dental implants can last a lifetime, making them a long-term investment.
  • If you’re considering dental implants, consult with a qualified dentist specialising in implant dentistry for personalized guidance and treatment planning.

dental implant procedure

When it comes to restoring a smile and regaining dental functionality, dental implants offer an excellent solution. Unlike traditional dentures or bridges that sit on the gum line or rely on adjacent teeth for support, dental implants are surgically placed in the jawbone, providing a strong foundation for artificial teeth.

What are dental implants?

Dental implants are artificial tooth roots made of biocompatible materials, such as titanium. They are surgically placed into the jawbone to support a replacement tooth or a bridge. The implants fuse with the jawbone through a process called osseointegration, ensuring stability and durability.

Advantages of dental implants

Dental implants offer numerous advantages over other tooth replacement options. Here are some key benefits:

  • Improved aesthetics: Dental implants closely resemble natural teeth, providing a seamless and natural-looking smile.
  • Enhanced functionality: Implants restore the ability to chew and speak properly, improving overall oral function.
  • Durability: With proper care, dental implants can last a lifetime, making them a long-term investment.
  • Preservation of jawbone: Implants stimulate the jawbone, preventing bone loss that typically occurs with missing teeth.
  • No impact on adjacent teeth: Unlike traditional bridges, implants do not require support from neighbouring teeth, preserving their integrity.
  • Increased self-confidence: Dental implants can boost self-esteem by restoring a complete and attractive smile.

Types of dental implants

There are two primary types of dental implants:

Endosteal implants

Endosteal implants are the most common type and involve surgically placing the implants directly into the jawbone. They are typically shaped like small screws or cylinders and provide a sturdy foundation for individual artificial teeth or implant-supported dentures.

Subperiosteal implants

Subperiosteal implants are less common and are suitable for patients who have insufficient bone height or volume for endosteal implants. Instead of being placed in the jawbone, subperiosteal implants sit on top of the bone but under the gum tissue. They are custom-made to fit the contours of the jawbone and are attached to metal posts that protrude through the gums, providing support for the artificial teeth.

The dental implant procedure

The dental implant procedure is a multi-step process that involves several stages, from the initial consultation to the final placement of the dental crown. Let’s explore each step in detail:

Initial consultation and evaluation

The first step in the dental implant procedure is a thorough consultation and evaluation to determine if you are a suitable candidate for dental implants. During this consultation, the dentist will examine your oral health, including the condition of your teeth and gums, as well as the density and quality of your jawbone. They may also take X-rays or use advanced imaging techniques to assess the bone structure and identify any underlying issues.

Preparing for the procedure

Once you are deemed eligible for dental implants, the next step involves preparing for the procedure. This may include taking impressions of your teeth and jawbone to create custom-made dental crowns or bridges that will be attached to the implants. Your dentist will also discuss the treatment plan, including the number of implants needed and any necessary extractions or bone grafting procedures.

Implant placement

The actual implant placement is a surgical procedure that is typically performed under local anaesthesia. The dentist will make an incision in the gum tissue to expose the underlying jawbone and then carefully drill small holes to accommodate the implants. The implants are then placed into these holes, and the gums are sutured back into place. In some cases, temporary teeth may be attached to the implants during the healing process.


After the implants are placed, a process called osseointegration takes place. This is when the implants fuse with the surrounding jawbone, providing stability and a solid foundation for the artificial teeth. Osseointegration usually takes several months, during which time you will need to follow your dentist’s instructions for oral hygiene and care to ensure successful integration.

Abutment placement

Once osseointegration is complete, a small connector called an abutment is placed on top of the implants. The abutment serves as a link between the implant and the final dental restoration. It protrudes through the gums and allows for the attachment of the dental crown or bridge.

Placement of the dental crown

The final step in the dental implant procedure is the placement of the dental crown or bridge. These restorations are custom-made to match the colour, shape, and size of your natural teeth, ensuring a seamless and natural-looking smile. The dental crown or bridge is securely attached to the abutment, completing the implant restoration.

Recovery and aftercare

After the dental implant procedure, it is normal to experience some discomfort, swelling, and bruising. Your dentist may prescribe pain medications or recommend over-the-counter pain relievers to manage any post-operative pain. It’s crucial to follow your dentist’s instructions for aftercare, including proper oral hygiene practices and dietary restrictions. Regular dental check-ups and cleanings are also necessary to monitor the health and longevity of your dental implants.

Potential risks and complications

While dental implants have a high success rate, like any surgical procedure, there are potential risks and complications to be aware of. These can include infection, implant failure, nerve damage, sinus problems (in the case of upper jaw implants), or allergic reactions to the implant materials. However, with proper planning, experienced dental professionals, and diligent aftercare, these risks can be minimised.

Dental implants vs. alternative tooth replacement options

When considering tooth replacement options, it’s essential to understand the differences between dental implants and alternatives such as dentures or bridges. Dental implants offer superior stability, durability, and aesthetics compared to removable dentures. Unlike bridges, which require the preparation and alteration of adjacent healthy teeth, implants stand independently, preserving the integrity of neighbouring teeth.

Cost of dental implants

The cost of dental implants can vary depending on several factors, including the number of implants needed, the need for additional procedures like bone grafting, the type of restoration used, and the geographical location. While dental implants may initially have a higher upfront cost compared to other options, their longevity and improved quality of life make them a worthwhile investment in the long run. It’s essential to consult with your dentist and discuss the specific cost breakdown and payment options available to you.

How long do dental implants last?

One of the significant advantages of dental implants is their longevity. With proper care and maintenance, dental implants can last a lifetime. Unlike other tooth replacement options that may need to be replaced or adjusted periodically, dental implants provide a permanent solution. However, it’s crucial to maintain good oral hygiene practices, including regular brushing, flossing, and dental check-ups, to ensure the longevity of your implants.


The dental implant procedure offers a reliable and long-lasting solution for replacing missing teeth and restoring your smile. By understanding the various steps involved, from the initial consultation to the final placement of the dental crown, you can make an informed decision about whether dental implants are the right option for you. Remember, dental implants provide numerous benefits, including improved aesthetics, enhanced functionality, and increased self-confidence.

If you’re ready to regain a perfect smile and experience the benefits of dental implants, consult with a qualified dentist who specialises in implant dentistry. They will guide you through the entire process, ensuring a comfortable and successful outcome.


1. Are dental implants painful?

The dental implant procedure is typically performed under local anaesthesia, ensuring a painless experience during the surgery. However, it’s normal to experience some discomfort and swelling after the procedure, which can be managed with prescribed pain medications.

2. How long does the dental implant procedure take?

The duration of the dental implant procedure varies depending on the individual case and the number of implants needed. On average, the entire process, including osseointegration, can take several months. Your dentist will provide a personalized treatment plan and timeline.

3. Can anyone get dental implants?

Most individuals who are in good overall health and have sufficient jawbone density can be candidates for dental implants. However, certain medical conditions, such as uncontrolled diabetes or active gum disease, may affect the success of the procedure. Consult with your dentist to determine if dental implants are suitable for you.

4. Can dental implants be used to replace multiple missing teeth?

Yes, dental implants can be used to replace a single missing tooth, multiple missing teeth, or even a full arch of missing teeth. The number of implants required will depend on the specific case and the recommended treatment plan.

5. Is the dental implant procedure covered by insurance?

Insurance coverage for dental implants varies depending on the insurance provider and the specific policy. Some dental insurance plans may offer partial coverage for the procedure. It’s recommended to check with your insurance provider or discuss financing options with your dentist.